Korean terminology- 3rd class

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 Taekwondo Dictionary

Reverse hand blade wedging block (Shipjin #16) Sonnal deung hech’o makgi

손날 등헤쳐막기


Scissors block (Taegeuk 7 Jang #12-13) Kawi makgi

가위 막기


Shin underneath block Jeong gangyi bada makgi

정강이 바다 막기


Side block Yeop makgi

옆 막기


Side rising kick face block Eolgul yeopcha ollyeo makgi

얼굴 옆차 올려 막기


Single blade hand block (knife hand block) Sonnal makgi

손날 막기


Single blade hand low block (knife hand low block) Sonnal naeryeo makgi (new term)

손날 내려 막기


Sonnal arae makgi (old term)

손날 아래 막기


Single hand wide open block We sant’ul makgi

외산틀 막기


Target block Pyojeok makgi

표적 막기


Trunk block (front block) Momtong an makgi

몸통 안 막기


Twin knife hand block (Knife hand guard block, Hand 

blade block)

Geodeureo Sonnal makgi

거들어손날 막기

Twist block Bit’ureo makgi

비틀어 막기


Underneath pull out block Mit’huro ppaegi makgi

밑으로 빼기 막기


Upward pull out block Wiro ppaegi makgi

위로 빼기 막기


Wedging block Hech’o makgi

헤쳐 막기


Grasping

(Japgi 잡기)


Grasping is usually accompanied by a strike, kick or punch.

Grasping Japgi

잡기


Ankle grasp Balmok japgi

발목 잡기


Arc hand wrist grasp Ageum son palmokjapgi

아금손 팔목 잡기


Head grasp Mori japgi

머리 잡기


Neck grasp Mok japgi

목 잡기


Shoulder grasp Okkae japgi

어깨 잡기


Punching 

(Jireugi 지르기)


Back punch (done over the shoulder) Dwi jireugi 

뒤 지르기


Diamond forward punch (Jitae #11) Keumgang ap jireugi

금강 앞 지르기


Diamond side punch (Chonkwon #21) Keumgang yeop jireugi 

금강 옆 지르기

Downward punch Naeryeo jiruegi

내려 지르기


Fist Jumeok 

주먹


Flat fist punch Pyeon jumeok jireugi 

편 주먹 지르기


Fork punch (Shipjin #’s 21-2, 22-2, 27, 28) Chetdari jireugi

쳇다리 지르기


Knuckle protruding punch (index finger) Jipke sosum jumeok jiruegi

집게 솟음 주먹 지르기


Knuckle protruding punch (middle knuckle, 

Chonkwon #2-4)

Sosum jumeok jiruegi

솟음 주먹 지르기


Palm upward punch (upset punch) Jeochin jumeok jireugi 

젖힌 주먹 지르기

Twin fist palm upward punch (Taegeuk 7 

Jang #15-3)

Du jumeok jeochin jireugi 

두주먹 젖힌 지르기


Pincer punch Jipke jumeok jireugi

집게 주먹 지르기


Pulling the jaw punch (Taegeuk 8 Jang #’s 

6 & 8, Taebaek #’s 10 & 15)

Danggyeo t’eok jireugi

당겨 턱 지르기


Reverse punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is 

done with the same hand as the front leg)

Bandae jireugi

반대 지르기


Side punch Yeop jireugi 

옆 지르기


Standing punch (vertical punch) Sewun jumeok jireugi

세운 주먹 지르기

Straight punch (in ap seogi/ap gubi this is 

done with the same hand as the rear leg)

Baro jireugi

바로 지르기


Target punch (Koryo #17) Pyojeok jireugi

표적 지르기


Turning punch (twist punch) Dollyeo jireugi

돌려 지르기


Upward punch (upper cut) Ch’i jireugi

치 지르기


U-shaped punch (old term, the new term is 

“digeut ja jireugi ㄷ- shaped punch”)

“U” ja jireugi

“유”자 지르기


Vertical punch (standing punch) Sewun jumeok jireugi

세운 주먹 지르기


Wing punch Nalgae jireugi

날개 지르기

Strikes 


(Chigi 치기)

This is a general terminology of striking. It lists the type of strike, but not the tartget or 

application. For example sonnal ch’gi means hand blade (knife hand) strike. You could 

further specify sonnal mok chigi to mean knife hand strike to the neck.

Arc hand strike (Koryo)

( there are 2 different terms for this technique)

Agwison khaljaebi

아귀손 칼재비

Ageum son chigi

아금 손 치기


Back fist strike Deung jumeok chigi 

등 주먹 치기


 Back fist front strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang) Deung jumeok ap chigi

등 주먹앞치기


 Back fist outer strike (Taegeuk 7 Jang) Deung jumeok bakkat chigi

등 주먹바깥치기


Back hand strike Sondeung chigi

손등 치기


Bear hand strike Komson chigi

곰손 치기


Bow wrist strike Kuppin sonmok chigi

굽힌 손목 치기


Downward strike Naeryeo chigi 

내려 치기


 Back fist downward strike Deung jumeok naeryeo chigi

등 주먹내려치기


 Hammer fist downward strike (Taegeuk 5 Jang #2 and #4)

Me jumeok naeryeo chigi

매 주먹내려치기


 Knife hand downward strike Sonnal naeryeo chigi

손날내려치기


 Reverse knife hand downward strike Sonnal deung naeryeo chigi

손날등내려치기


Elbow strike Palgup chigi 

팔굽 치기

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