10:29:00 AM Tkd kwan 6 Comments


At the end of the Second World War, Great grand master Chun Sang Sup founded Yun Mu Kwan that became  Jidokwan later.  GM Sup was a student of Gichin Funakushi who was the founder of the Shotokan karate. After his return to Korea, he brought the Japanese karate with him, and started to teach Koreans at a school of the Japanese Judo (Chosun Yun Moo Kwan).

During the Korean War, all Korean schools of martial arts were closed, and GM Chun Sang Sup disappeared and none has heard about him again. It is a sad part of the story because the original founder & the first grand master would not be able to see his martial art growing up.

After the Korean War and the mysterious disappearance, GM Chun’s students formed the Jidokwan and renew the hosun Yun Moo Kwan that was founded by G. GM Chun.

here is the meaning of the new title of GM Chun's school:
JI= Wisdom
Do= Way
Kwan= School

Jidokwan as a new title was used for the first time in Busan in fifties.

The new martial art was one of the fundamental Kwans that were unified to found the new Taekwondo.

Here is a list of students that were practicing at the new Chosun Yun Mook Kwan/ Jidokwan:
Chun Ill Sup (Brother of GM Chun), Lee Chong Woo, Lee Byung Ro, Chung Jin Dong, Kim Bok Nam,  Pae Young Ki, Kim Chun Sun, Pak Hyun Jong,  Sang Sup.
               SENIOR GM Lee Chong

In sixties and seventies in the 20th century, the Jidokwan kyorugi fighters were noticed for their great results in the championships comparing to other schools, which means that the style of Jidokwan was good in teaching fighting techniques. The training was intensive, and the belt promotion was a real challenge for trainees, because a student should defeat three straight competitors.

The jidokwan is still an active in Korea and the organization is also still alive, and its grand masters and masters still have meetings each year to celebrate and to revive the spirit of this school.
JDK supports the world taekwondo academy (kukkiwon), and also the world taekwondo federation (WTF)

Also the old Chosun yun Moo Kwan style is still existing in some places and the also the name is still used!


  Example of Dan certificate in the Jidokwan school

I hope you get an idea about this martial art/school. see you in the next post.

                                      By Master S.H.S.M


  1. Do you know if there is any family connection between Pae Young Ki, one of the original students of Chun Sang Sup, and Min Q. Pai, Korean emigre who taught a version of Yun Mu Kwan in New York City during the 1950's and 60's (in the pre-taekwondo days)?

  2. The martial art of Kung Fu is an exchange of culture, a type of exercise, and also a way of defending yourself. The art is very popular throughout the world.It shares some common traits with Karate, such as using both hand and foot techniques.Boxing in Connecticut

    1. Taekwondo began life as Korean karate, an import from Japan during the war years when Japan invaded and occupied Korea. Karate itself was an import from Okinawa to Japan in the years preceding its invasion of Korea and traces its own history to southern Chinese kung fu. All these fighting systems have much in common, including the kung fu template of use of hands and feet to deliver disabling or killing strikes to an opponent. Taekwondo was the conscious effort by post war Koreans to Koreanized the Japanese fighting methods,largely based on the Shotokan style of karate, left behind by the Japanese occupiers.

      To make karate their own, the Koreans refocused on the kicking aspect of fighting, perhaps because, being closer to northern China where higher kicking and jumping methods were more characteristic of kung fu, that's what they were familiar with. Also the Koreans had a folk method of dance-like competitive combat competition called taekyun that focused nearly exclusively on legwork, which lent itself to adaptation into the Koreans'karate practice. That is, they had a tradition of fighting with the feet already, so shifting the emphasis of karate to legwork was a natural turn in their effort to sever the relationship between their methods and the methods of the hated Japanese.

      The decision to emphasize kicking and de-emphasize the hands, also changed the art's dynamics. Rather than rooted frontal movement to deliver direct head on blows, as is found in Japanese Shotokan, the Koreans came to realize that kicking was best done at a distance and best delivered through larger, more circular motions to build momentum in a more windmill type rhythm, imparting a distinctly different "look" to their methods as well as altering the tournament game of competitive or sport karate where the object is points not physical contact. Thus taekwondo became a distinct system of fighting practice and developed set routines or kata (forms) of its own, reflecting the changes a focus on kicking demanded to replace the old Shotokan forms Korean karate had inherited, thereby completing the makeover of Korean karate in the second half of the twentieth century.

      But because kicking is inherently a limiting approach to fighting for the human body (it takes longer to deliver multiple blows, is inherently risky because of all the time spent in the air or on one foot, and is much harder to strike with precision) it's less effective in real combat than its predecessor karate. Still, highly skilled taekwondo practitioners can be quite dangerous, especially if they're large with long legs, though they are always at more risk in actual combat and their fighting years are fewer because the human body, as it ages, loses the capacity for the more demanding, athleticism of taekwondo before it loses hand and supplemental low, direct kicking capacity, the characteristic methods of classic Japanese karate.

  3. Very Impressive history of Jidokwan, I'm proud on my GrandMaster Chang Seong Dong who proudly awarded 9th Dan Black Belt Jidokwan as well as Kukkiwon, i will be next One of Jidokwan Practitioner from India

  4. My Grandmaster SungSooLee has been active for over 50 years and at 80 years of age is both 9th in Jidokwan and hapkido. A very noble and honourable man. He is still very active today and doesn't just teach but outputs physically as much as men less than half his age. A true example of a great Jidokwan Senior Grandmaster.

  5. Ji Do Kwan was in FRANCE 50 years ago, in 1967, in the town of Grenoble, in the Alps.

    I have training Karate Ji Do Kwan with a Korean Engineer sent by the government to perfect his skill (Electricity) in our world reknown Polytechnic Engineer Institute.

    His name is (Kim) Yong Ho and was a 2nd dan black belt of Ji do kwan (the president,at this time, was Master Yon Kwai Byeong).

    I remember (Kim) Yong Ho proudly told me :"You will see Korea will be the Japan of years 2000" and often I think that he is one of these courageous architects that make it a reality.

    I search to have news of (Kim)Yong Ho (I think his name is Kim or Choo but not sur) hoping somebody know him in the great family of Ji do kwan.

    If some young have eyes on these lines, can you ask elders if they know (Kim)Yong Ho, who is now nearly 75 years old, engineer in electricity and have travel to FRANCE to perfect his skill when his was 25/30 years old and is Ji do kwan black belt.

    Thanks in advance.
    Pham Gia Dinh (pgdinh@yahoo.com)